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Engraving Gallery 1690s
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France and England

Lady 1690Bourgeois Lady, 1690. The woman is bedecked in laces, exaggerating the fashion of the day, to try to imitate the nobility. French LadyRiding Habit, 1690.  LadyLady, 1690. French
LadyLady, 1693. French LadyLady, 1693. French GentlemanGentleman, 1695. French
MusicianMusician, 1695. French BeauvilliersBeauvilliers. French BillardLouis XIV playing Billiards, 1694. Chamillard is seen from the back. He was a master in playing billiards and flattered the King's passion for this game, for which he was made a Minister in due course... French
GentlemenGentlemen of the Chamber at Court, 1694. Note the displayed plates in the back, as well as the coffee-pots on the table. French 1699Louis XIV at the Age of 61, 1699. Note the very wide pagoda sleeves, and it is clearly seen that the waistcoat is unbuttoned 5-6 buttons at the bottom. Often the buttonholes at the bottom hem of the waistcoat were false. French ToiletteToilette. French
Court 1694Court at Gambling, 1694. The two children at the left are the Ducs du Berry and Anjou, grandsons of Louis XIV. Note the man on the right, who is seen from the back, and the arrangement of the braid on the back seam of the coat. French Court 1694Court Dancing, 1694. On the right is the Duc de Bourgogne and on the left the oldest grandson of Louis XIV, who wears the fashionable patches in his face, just like the ladies. French Court 1694Court gathered for a Concert, 1694. Note the small muffs the ladies are using to warm their hands. They are all wearing la grande robe, the court dresses, and not mantuas. French
1692Gentleman in Winter Fashion, 1692. French 1693Noble Lady and Gentleman, 1693. French RoquelaireDuchesse Roquelaire, 1695. French
Du MaineDuc du Maine, 1695. Note he is wearing a shorter version of the periwig, and only the outermost buttons of the pocket flaps are buttoned. French Court 1694Court playing Cards, 1694. The third person from the right, seated, with a blond periwig, is the Grand Dauphin, the son Louis XIV's, who died before his father. French 1693Aristocratic Couple, 1693. Bonnart. French
ContyConty, 1694. Note the periwig, parted in the middle and towered at the sides. Cravat worn as steinkerk/steenkerk. The hat brim is turned up more now, developing into the early tricorne hat. Plain broad silk band worn as bandelier over the waistcoat and underneath the coat. Tasselled ribbon on the cane and on the smallsword. French 1694Gentleman snuffing, 1694. Note the large plume called panache or garniture worn from the middle of the hat along the brim towards the right back. Cravat worn à la Chaconne, the revers of the justaucorps is, very unusual, turned back and all the way down the front buttoned back, stockings embroidered at the ankles. French 1695French Lady, 1695. Note the ribbon bows she is wearing amongst the lace rows of the Fontange. Jewels in her hair and hairpins. The stomacher pièce d'estomac is embroidered, engageants at the chemise sleeves with ribbons at the height of the elbow. French
1693French Lady, 1693. Note her Fontange with a double lace row, and each row extends to lappets falling down her back. Tassels at decoration on the jupe and the cuffs. French 1693Man, 1693. Bonnart. French 1695Gentleman in Dressinggown, 1695.
1690Gentleman in Winter Fashion, 1690. Note the long locks of the periwig being worn à la catogan in a loose knot, the hat is not a tricorne hat yet, large plume in the curved up brim of the hat. Large cape, which was mostly worn only for travelling, justaucorps à la Brandenbourg with two vertical pockets. French MaillyComtesse Mailly, 1698. French EdictRevocation of the Edict of Nantes. It took place in 1685, but this engraving is surely from the 1690s, judging the costumes. Note the flat back of the periwigs the two gentlemen wear on the left corner. The Revocation was an unforgivable act by Louis, and led to the exile of thousands of Huguenots, especially craftsmen and middle class, bleeding French economy further. By Jan Luiken. French
1691Louis XIV at the Siege of Mons, 8th April 1691. Mons was captured during the War of the League of Augsburg. Louis is shown with his brother Philippe (left foreground), the Duc de Bourbon and the Duc de Chartres. Note the back views of the justaucorps of the two gentlemen in the right corner. French Jean BartJean Bart (1651-1702), 1690s. The famous French Corsair came from Dunkirk. Note the long and thin pipe, and the justaucorps only buttoned at the waist with three buttons. French William IIIWilliam III, 1690's. A blue Delftware tile portrait of William, after Daniel Marot. English

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Dutch Paintings 17th century

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Engravings
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All images scanned by N. Kipar, unless otherwise stated.
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