II and his Gardener, 1675. Painting attributed to Hendrik
Danckerts. The Restoration was an age of curiosity. Shown
here is Charles II being presented with a pineapple by the
royal gardener John Rose, supposedly the first grown in England.
XIV and the Court at the Grotto in Versailles, c. 1675.
Louis XIV is shown on his horse visiting the Grotto of Thetis.
Note the lace adorned and beribboned breeches of the man in
the front, one of the transition period breeches in a
curious shape. See also the extant pair of breeches in a very
similar cut worn by James, Duke of York, at his wedding, now
in the V&A museum, London. French
Hughes, Prince Rupert's Mistress and a lot younger than
he was. Prince Rupert, cousin of Charles II, couldn't marry
her, because she was already married! Thus they lived together,
just like husband and wife, but unmarried by law. She bore
him a daughter, Ruperta, who Prince Rupert wanted to marry
a son by Charles II and Nell Gwynn. By Sir Peter Lely. English
XIV and Lauzun Planning the Hotel d'Invalid (left side).
XIV and Lauzun Planning the Hotel d'Invalid (right side).
de Montespan, Louis XIV's Mistress. French
Palmer, later Lady Castlemaine and Duchess of Cleveland,
Charles II's Mistress, 1670. By J.M. Wright. The mistress
in whose arms the King allegedly spent the night following
his return to London. English
(later) Louise Duchess of Portsmouth, Charles II's Mistress.
Painting by Henri Gascars. Note the beautiful brocaded silk
fabric of her dress. English
Earl of Rochester, c. 1665-70. After Jacob Huysmans. John
Wilmot, second Earl of Rochester, among the most prominent
of the dissolute courtier-poets and wits whose behaviour scandalised
many of the King's subjects. English
in Black, ca. 1673. By Gerard Ter Borch. This one Dutch
painting is here to show the difference between the Dutch
and French and English fashion. They had developed into different
directions. The man here is still wearing petticoat breeches
and the short bolero-type jacket. Dutch
Fitzroy. Charlotte later became the Countess of Lichfield.
She was the King's daughter by Barbara Palmer. Note her chemise.
By Sir Peter Lely. English
Girl. Pierre Mignard, 1674. French
of Modena, ca. 1673. At a time when anti-Catholic sentiment
was violently increasing, the Duke of York's second marriage
to this French princess brought further tension. Painting
by Sir Peter Lely. English