XIV at the siege of Dunkirk, 2 December 1662. Detail from
the Gobelin tapestry, after Le Brun and van der Meulen. Note
the plumed hat and the riding boots. French
XIV at the Académie de Sciences, 1666. Detail,
Testelin. Note the ribbons at his breeches, shirt, cravat
and on his right shoulder. French
XIV visits the Gobelins Manufactory, 15 October 1667.
Detail from the Gobelin tapestry, after Le Brun. Note the
short sleeved early Justaucorps. French
of Louis XIV and Marie-Thèrése into Arras,
30 July 1667. Detail, van der Meulen. The King, with his brother,
follows the coach with the Queen. French
XIV receiving Swiss Ambassadors, 1663. Van der Meulen.
Note the petticoat breeches with numerous ribbon bows and
the large shoe bows. Versailles museum. French
Moor presenting a Parrot to a Lady. Mid 1660s. Nicolaes
Berchem. Note the hooked up overskirt, the white silk petticoat
showing underneath. * CGFA
II in Coronation Robes, 1661. J.M. Wright. Note the off-white
red heeled shoes with the jewelled rosette, the silver tissue
fabric of the hose and ribbons and the rich lace collar (Venetian
Gros Point). English
II at a Ball in The Hague, 1660. Charles dancing with
his sister Mary at a ball given just before the King's departure
for England, which he was never to leave again. Note the deep
and rich lace berthas around the necklines of the ladies'
Colbert. (1619-1683) Note the rich needlepoint lace, the
white lined black doublet with split sleeves and the embroidered
order of the state on his minister's robe. French
of Douain, 1667. Detail from a tapestry. Note the buff
leather coat of the King's guard in the foreground, who falls
off his horse, over a short sleeved Justaucorps, and his bucket
top boots. Note the interesting Justaucorps of the man on
the left. French
of Salisbury, 1669. J.M. Wright. James, the young fourth
Earl of Salisbury with his sister Lady Catherine Cecil. Note
the girl's lace edgings on her apron and bodice, and the silver
threads woven into the fabric. James wears the child's frock.
XIV in State Robes. Henry Testelin. Note the large shoe
Duke of York as head of the Admiralty. Henri Gascars.
The Duke of York became James II after Charles II's death.
He is dressed in this painting in allegorical Romanesque costume.
Note the silver and gold embroidery on the cloak and the metal
Keroualle, Charles II's Mistress. Pierre Mignard. She
became later the Duchess of Portsmouth. Note the beautiful
sleeves of her gown, and the way the lace of the chemises
shows at her neckline. English
Seguier attending Louis XIV's entry into Paris in 1660,
1661. Note the pages' old fashioned livrées. Charles
Le Brun. Paris, Louvre. French
Girl, c. 1660. G. Netscher. Note the way the lace collar
is fastened around the neckline of the dress, a so-called
bertha. Her chemises is closed at her throat.
XIV at the Academie de Sciences. 1666. Full version of
the detail depicted above. Note the red feathers on his hat.
Family of Sir Richard Saltonstall. David des Granges,
c. 1660. Note the man's doublet with split sleeves, and the
heels of his shoes. The children are dressed identical to
the adults. English
and Duchess of Lauderdale. ca. 1667. Peter Lely. Note
the richness of the Duke's shirt sleeves and the neckline
and sleeves of the chemises which is seen underneath the Duchess'
Trac Players. Mathieu Le Nain, 1650s. Note the loose-ended
breeches with ribbons and the bucket top boots with boot hose.
Marie-Therese in State Robes. Unknown painter. Note the
deep lace bertha around the neckline of her robe. French
View of Versailles, 1668. French
Palmer, Charles II's Mistress, 1660s. She became later
the Duchess of Cleveland. Note the combination of colours
which is so typical for women's dress in the 1660s: blue with
a yellowish brown. English
Leopold I of Austria, c. 1660. By Jan Thomas. Leopold,
the Holy Roman Emperor, reigned from 1657-1705. Note his theatrical
dress, as a shepherd, in the current fashion of short-sleeved
doublet and loose-ended breeches, with plenty of gold lace
to indicate his divine origin.
of Charles II's Restoration to the Throne, (thumbnail
shows a detail, large version full) 1661. Dirk Stoop. The
procession as it leaves the Tower of London for Westminster.
with black bows, 1660s. Sébastien Bourdon. Note
the typical way of this decade to fasten the shirt sleeves
at the wrist with black ribbons. Montpellier, Musée
Stewart, Charles II's Mistress, 1665. Peter Lely. Note
the way the outer garment is closed over the bodice: held
in place by pearl fastenings, otherwise open. English
XIV with the Spanish Ambassador to Negotiate his Wedding,
de La Vallière and her Children, Louis XIV's Mistress.
de La Vallière, Louis XIV's Mistress. La Vallière
is depicted as Diana, the Goddess of the hunt. Note the way
of fastening of her robe over the bodice. French
Marie-Thérèse and the Dauphin. Pierre Mignard.
Note the extremely elaborate jewellery embroidered onto her
robe, which is most probably a masquerade costume.
of Braganza, 1661. The Queen Dowager, wife of Charles
II. She wears a farthingale which, like those of her
Portuguese ladies, caused contemptuous comment among Englishmen
when she arrived from Portugal. By or after Dick Stoop. English
Hyde. Wife of James, Duke of York, 1660s. Anne Hyde, daughter
of the Lord Chancellor, Edward Hyde and James' first wife.
She had a strong influence over him in his move toward the
Catholic Church and his eventual conversion. Portrait by Peter