of the 1680s
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Detail of an engraving showing the English Horse Guards in 1684.
Musketeer, 1684. French
He is wearing the new waist belt, which replaced the shoulder
belt in December 1683. The bullet bag and the powder horn
are also visble. Both items would soon be carried on their
own shoulder belt, but the sword belt was retained.
Officer and Pikeman, 1684. French
The bow under the officer's cravat would probably have been
red, and so would the heels of his shoes. His sword is fastened
to a waist belt and he holds a spontoon. The pikeman's dress,
except for the cuirass and long pike, is similar to that
of the Musketeers.
Francis Hawley, 1685.
He commanded a company of 45 Grenadiers of the 1st Foot
Guards during an attack on Monmouth's rebels at Philip's
Norton in Somerset. His coat is red with light blue facings
and gold decoration. Uniforms were by this time beginning
to come under some regulation, although they were still
provided by the officers themselves. Therefore officers
still had freedom to choose the decoration and quality of
Scottish Troop of Horse Guards, 1685.
The uniform was scarlet coloured and lined with white serge.
The waistcoat was blue, in the same colour as the breeches.
in 1686. English
James II instituted summer camps, outlined on Hounslow Heath
like is shown here.
Battle of Sedgemoor, 1685.
A playing card depicting the final phase of the Battle of
Sedgemoor. Monmouth's rebels are chased off the field.
of the Gardes Francaises wearing the uniforms introduced
in 1685 - blue lined with red, with white buttons and lace.
The engravings are from Giffart's Militaire Francais (1696)
which featured drill for musketeers, fusiliers and pikemen.
& Discipline | Tangier
Social Life | Raising
a Regiment |
of Blenheim 1704 | Storming
of Schellenberg 1704 | War
of the Spanish Succession 1701-14
1670s | Gallery 1680s | Gallery
1690s | Gallery
© N. Kipar 2003.
Contents Copyright © Ben Levick 1998. With permission by the