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Military Images of the 1670s

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Military MusiciansMilitary Musicians from 1670. English
They have the arms of their commander emblazoned on their drums and the Royal Arms on a fife banner. Two of them wear cravats, though the others still have 'falling band' collars. Unlike the musicians, the officer (far right) has fashionable sleeves cut short to the elbow and wears a sash over his shoulder. From Funeral of the Duke of Albemarle, 1670
GrenadierGrenadier, 1672. French
Possibly the earliest representation of a grenadier is this plate from Mallet's 1672 edition of Les Traveaux de Mars. Except for the bag full of grenades, the dress of these elite soldiers was similar to that of the rest of their regiment, although some subsequently adopted dragoon-type caps. A moustache can be seen, and was to be the grenadiers' distinction for many years to come.
French SoldiersFrench Soldiers 1672.
The French cavalry swims across the Rhine and invades Holland on 11 June 1672. The King is on the right, mounted and pointing his cane at the Dutch side of the river. Engraving after the painting by Van der Meulen, who was official battle artist accomanying the French armies.
Firing Bombs'The manner of firing mortars and bombs. French
As shown in Mallet's 1672 edition of Les Traveaux de Mars. Figure A measures the elevation of the piece, while the bombardier to the left lights the bomb with a match in his right hand, before firing the piece with the match in his left hand.   In the foreground are infantry soldiers guarding the artillery, one of them smoking a pipe amidst all the black powder.
MusketeerMusketeer with sword 1678. French
Infantry musketeer putting his sword 'en guard'.  He is equipped with a bandolier of cartridges and a decorated baldrick for his sword. Detail from a plate in Gaya's 1678 Traité des Armes.
Cavalry TrooperCavalry Trooper, 1678. French
He wears a buff leather coat (A) which laces up the front.  Note the aiguillette at the right shoulder. Hats were usually black with bunches of coloured ribbons. Breeches were of buff leather.   The boots (H) wereblack and had spurs attached (I, K).  The equipment consists of a buff sword belt (B) and a buff carbine belt with steel hook (E).   Weapons were a sword (C), a carbine (G), and a pair of waist pistols (E). The white sash of France was worn around the waist for national identification in battle. From Gaya's 1678 Traité des Armes.

Justice & Discipline | Tangier Social Life | Raising a Regiment | Soldiers Drill 1660-1715
Battle of Blenheim 1704 | Storming of Schellenberg 1704 | War of the Spanish Succession 1701-14
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Graphics Copyright © N. Kipar 2003.
Contents Copyright © Ben Levick 1998. With permission by the author.